Breakfast in the morning, then enjoy a city tour of Sibiu. (UNESCO Tentative List)
Highlights of the tour: Piata Mare (The Big Square), Piata Mica (The Little Square), Piata Huet (Huet Square), Iron Bridge, Biserica Evangelica (The Evangelical Church), and Metropolia (The Orthodox Church).
Sibiu/Hermannstadt, the capital city of Transylvania, founded in the 12th century it is considered today one of the most beautiful historical cities not only in Romania but in entire Europe. Over the last nine centuries, Sibiu was not only the largest and the wealthiest of the seven fortified cities established by the Saxons in Transylvania known in German as Siebenburgen but also the most important trading center with 19 guilds and the cultural capital of the region. The historic center displays an extensive stock of Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque architecture, as well as examples of late 19th to early 20th-century date. Amongst its key buildings are: St. Mary's Parish Church, c. 1350; the Altenberger Haus (the old City Hall), 1475-1704; and the Brukenthal Palace, 1778-1788. The plot shapes, layout, and organization of the larger merchants' houses in the upper town, with their large courtyards behind, are also distinctive. The evolution of the city from its initial strategic stronghold protecting a rural settlement to a mercantile and artisan center and the powerful regional capital city is expressed in the important collection of vernacular buildings, to be seen especially in the lower town. The historic center of Sibiu covers an area of approx. 80 ha. It comprises the whole of the area within the fourth ring of fortification and is situated at the heart of the modern city.
Sibiu was the European Cultural Capital in 2007 and the European Region of Gastronomy in 2019.
In the afternoon, we will drive to Alba Iulia - Carolina Citadel.
Alba Iulia is the site of the ancient Apulum, founded by the Romans in the 2nd cent. A.D., and destroyed by Tatars in 1241. It was the seat (16th–17th cent.) of the princes of Transylvania, of a Roman Catholic bishop, and of an Eastern Orthodox metropolitan.
From 1599 to 1601, Alba Iulia was the capital of the united principalities of Walachia, Transylvania, and Moldavia. It was the site (1918) of the proclamation of Transylvania's union with Romania and of the coronation of King Ferdinand in 1922. Today, many Romanians consider Alba Iulia to be the spiritual capital city of Romania.
We will visit Alba Iulia Fortress - Alba Carolina - back in time. It takes just a few hours spent in Alba Iulia to show you and prove to them and to all who accompany you, that return over time is possible. Not a psychological time, one imaginary, not even the Classic, knew, talking about scholars, but a time of retrieval of oneself in a place where history has had the courage to rebuild and live again, at present: Alba Carolina Citadel.
In the evening we will arrive in Cluj Napoca where we'll overnight.