Today we will start our journey by visiting a real museum of salt mining in Transylvania – Turda Salt Mine. We will start early in the morning to avoid crowding.
Inside the old Turda Salt Mine stands the world's largest salt mine museum. Originally established in the 17th century, the massive mines were formed completely by hand and machine rather than by using explosives. Visitors are invited to descend as far down as almost 400 feet into the Earth in order to witness the history of the trade.
Throughout the cool interior, which averages about 50-55˚F with 80% humidity, there are a variety of mines, rooms, and spaces to be explored. At almost 140 feet down, Rudolph Mine offers a 180-seat amphitheater, a carousel, ping-pong tables, basketball hoops, mini-golf, and bowling.
Back in time: visit Carolina Citadel from Alba Iulia.
After this wonderful experience, we take the way to Alba Iulia where we visit the citadel.
Alba-Iulia (the ancient Roman Apulum) is a modern city in today's Transylvania. Being a place with a long history, there is much to tell and much to see, but the most important landmark is the upper city.
Alba Iulia became the capital of the Principality of Transylvania in 1541, a status it was to retain until 1690. It witnessed the first unification of the three Romanian-populated principalities of Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania, in the time of Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul) and also the proclamation of the union of Transylvania with the Kingdom of Romania. The final form of the fortress (Alba Carolina) was achieved between 1714 and 1738 (constructed by Giovanni Morando Visconti), and it is considered to be the most representative of Vauban type in Europe.
In the afternoon, we visit Corvinilor Castle in Hunedoara.
Built in the 14th century, Corvinilor Castle represents one of the most amazing and well-preserved medieval buildings, being the most famous property of Iancu de Hunedoara. The building dominates the city of Hunedoara.
The legend of well: “You have water, but you have no soul”
It is said that three Turkish prisoners that Ioan of Hunedoara kept in the castle dug this well. Ioan promised them that he would set them free if they will dig a well. The prisoners, animated by the hope of freedom, dug for 15 years and at 28 meters deep they found the precious water. But in the meantime, Ioan Corvin died and his wife, Elisabeth Szilagyi decided to not respect the word she was given to her husband and doesn’t award the promised freedom to the three prisoners. Prisoners decide to write on a cliff block the message “You have water but no heart” trying this way to revenge the lack of word from the family side.